How to Become a Collector – Exam & Preparation

How to become a collector is a question to all the passionate patriotic Indians? There is no doubt that our eyebrows are lifted high when we hear the word ‘Collector’.

A collector is one of the most prestigious government service posts. Even words will be in short of the reputation, white-collar job, and respect that a Collector gets. And, who doesn’t wants all that? To throw more light, everyone has a dream career to become a Collector.

Want to know step-by-step how to become a Collector? Then, you have to read the article till the end. I have explained in simple steps how to become a collector after 12th. So, let’s get started.

Who is a Collector

A Collector is a person who is appointed by the Central Government in each district. And, a Collector is responsible for the administration of that particular district.

The collector post is one of the posts in Indian Administrative Services(IAS). The main aim of the collector is to serve the public. A collector is the highest position of the government official in that particular state.

The Central Government is responsible to appoint a Collector for a particular district. Also, it is a state government that supervises the work of a collector.

How to Become a Collector

To become a Collector you should qualify UPSC – CSE Exam. You must crack all three stages of the exam namely Preliminary, Mains and Interview and then you become an IAS officer. After 2-3 promotions as an IAS officer, you will become a Collector of the District.

how to become a collector

To become a collector in India you need a particular education qualification, eligibility criteria, age limit and to crack the UPSC- CSE examination. Let us understand the eligibility criteria, syllabus, and preparation more in detail.

Eligibility Criteria

To become a Collector there is a set of eligibility criteria to apply for the exam. To apply for the exam you must fulfill the following eligibility criteria as listed below.

Nationality

  • The person to become a collector should be a citizen of India
  • The person can also be a citizen of the given country.
  1. Nepal
  2. Bhutan
  3. Tibet

Educational Qualification

To become a Collector you should be graduate in any field from a recognized university. The degree can be in any of the fields of his choice. Even the students appearing for the final year of graduation can apply for the UPSC exam.

Even the candidates with the educational backgrounds given below are qualified to become Collector.

  • Even those candidates who have completed their education from distance education or through a correspondence education are eligible to apply for the post of Collector.
  • Candidates can apply for the examination even in the final year of graduation.
  • Candidates awaiting the results of the final year are also eligible for the Prelims Exam of the UPSC-CSE Exam. But for Mains Exam they have to produce proof of passing the exam.
  • Candidates with technical degrees are also eligible to apply for this post.
  • Also, a candidate with a professional qualification can apply for the exam.
  • A student who has completed an S degree but is undergoing an internship program is also eligible to apply for the post.
  • Candidates who have passed the ICAI, CWA, or ICSI Exam.

Age Limit

To become a Collector you should atleast be 21 years of age. The maximum age limit to apply for the post of a collector as on 1st August 2020 for the general category is 30 years, for OBC 33 years, and for SC/ST is 35 years.

And the age relaxation is as listed below.

Category Age Relaxation
General No
OBC3 Years
SC/ST5 Years

How to fill Collector’s Exam form

Step 1: Visit the official website of UPSC – www.upsc.gov.in

Step 2: Now, click on the online application for various examinations

Step 3: Go to service civil services examination-Preliminary Exam

Step 4: Start registering with IAS Part-1

Step 5: Fill all your mandatory Personal Details

Step 6: Choose the examination center

Step 7: Upload your passport size Photograph, Signature and the Identity card

Step 8: Accept the Declaration by clicking on the button

Step 9: Once recheck the details

Step 10: Then click on Submit button

Step 11: Keep this print out with you

Exam Pattern & Syllabus

To become a Collector a person needs to crack the Civil Service Examination (CSE) which is conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). It is one of the toughest competitive exams in India.

UPSC – CSE is conducted in three stages as listed follows.

  • Preliminary exam
  • Mains exam
  • Interview process

Let us, understand all the 3 exams more in detail.

1. Preliminary exam

The preliminary exam has 2 papers that are conducted. Each paper has 200 marks a total of 400 marks. The question paper is in two languages namely English and Hindi. The duration of the paper is 2 hours each paper.

This examination carries a negative marking of the one-third penalty. That is for each wrong answer there is a negative marking of 0.33 marks. This paper has objective-type questions which comprise multiple-choice questions.

Syllabus for the Preliminary Exam

Paper 1Indian History
General Science
Indian Politics
Current Events
General Issues
Indian Geography
World Geography
Social Development
Economic Development
Paper 2Communicational Skills
Intrapersonal Skills
English Skills
English Comprehension
Language skill chosen by the candidate
Decision-making skills
Problem-solving ability
Mental Ability
Basic Numeracy

Paper 1 – Current affairs, Indian History and Politics

In this examination, you need to have very good general knowledge and good general studies of current events going on at the National and international levels. You need to read newspapers to gain general knowledge. It includes Indian History, General Science, Indian Politics, Current Events, General Issues, Indian Geography, World Geography, social Development, Economic Development.

Paper 2 – Civil Service Aptitude Test(CSAT)

This paper comprises competencies related to comprehension, interpersonal, and communication skills. Hereby, it also comprises of analytical ability, logical reasoning, and mental ability are also tested. Also, there are questions related to decision-making and problem-solving. It has questions related to English and English comprehension.

2. Mains exam

After qualifying for the preliminary exam the candidates are eligible for the second round that is the mains exam. Generally, Mains Exams are conducted in the month of January. After the mains exam, the candidate will be liable for the process of the interview. Mains Exam has the descriptive type of questions.

Syllabus for Mains Exam

The total marks for this examination are 1750 marks. Though the Mains exam consists of 9 papers. Out of these 9 papers, only 7 papers will be taken for the merit ranking. For the remaining two papers the candidate should obtain the minimum marks as set by UPSC. This exam includes a total of 9 papers as follows.

Paper SyllabusMarksDuration
Essay Essay on any topic2503 hours
General studies 1 Indian Heritage, Culture,
Geography
2503 hours
General studies 2 Constitution, Governance,
Social Justice
2503 hours
General studies 3 Technology, Environment,
Disaster Management
2503 hours
General studies 4 Ethics, Integrity,
and Aptitude
2503 hours
Optional subject 1 Any2503 hours
Optional subject 2 Any2503 hours
Paper 1 Indian Language
(Anyone of the language)
3003 hours
Paper 2 English language3003 hours

Essay

To write an essay on any one topic. You can choose the option of your choice from the given options.

General Studies 1 – Indian Heritage & Culture

  • Indian Culture
  • Modern Indian History
  • History of the world
  • Society
  • Geography
  • Events, Forms, and Effects on Society

General Studies 2 – Indian Constitution & Indian Politics

  • The Constitution Of India
  • Amendment Procedure
  • The Political System
  • Central Government And Administration
  • The Electoral Process
  • Administrative Law
  • Central And State Government Privileges
  • Public Services
  • Social Welfare And Social Legislation
  • Control over Public Expenditure

General Studies 2 – Science And Technology

  • Energy
  • Computer and Information Technology
  • Biotechnology
  • Disaster Management
  • Nuclear Policy Of India
  • Space Technology
  • Environment
  • Security
  • Agriculture
  • Economy

General Studies 3 – Ethics And Human Interface

  • Ethics and Human Interface
  • Aptitude
  • Attitude
  • Integrity
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Public Service Values And Ethics in Public Administration
  • Probity in Governance

Optional Subjects

There are 2 Papers of Optional Subjects. The candidate is supposed to choose any 1 optional subject out of 48 total options. The 2 papers are combined and are of a total of 500 marks.

You need to be very careful while choosing your optional subject. You must know which optional subject will work best for you.

English & Language Papers

The pattern of both papers is almost the same in nature. The English language is a compulsory language. Whereas, other languages can be chosen from a list of languages.

The pattern of the paper is as follows.

  • Essay – 100 Marks
  • Comprehension – 60 Marks
  • Precis Writing – 60 Marks
  • Translation from English – 20 Marks
  • Translation from Chosen Language – 20 Marks
  • Grammar – 40 Marks

Please Note: The candidate is free to choose his writing language as English, Hindi, or any other language listed in the Indian Constitution.

3. Interview

After cracking the Mains Exam you are qualified for the Interview Process. Approximately 400-450 candidates reach this round. When you qualify for the interview round you become IAS Officer. During the review subject knowledge, personal skills, as well as Mental Ability, is tested.

In the interview, only academics knowledge is not tested but the personality test is all about how much the candidate is alert and all aware of the events happening around. The candidates are first given training and then posted as a Collector, according to the requirements to a particular district.

Syllabus for Interview

  1. This is basically a question and answers session
  2. This exam is 275 marks.
  3. The interview is nothing but a Personality Test.
  4. Even current affairs and General knowledge questions can be asked as Questions for the Collector’s Interview.

Books & Study Material

To crack the UPSC examination and become a Collector you need to have General Knowledge. For this, you need to keep on reading the newspaper. Hindu newspaper, Jagran Josh, Economic Times, and Indian Express is something I would suggest to enhance your general knowledge and current affairs. Other lists of books that I would suggest are as follows.

  • Indian Polity For Civil Service Examination -Indian Polity by Laxmikanth
  • Indian Year Book
  • Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
  • Oxford Geography Atlas
  • A Brief History of Modern India
  • Indian Art And Culture
  • Fundamentals of Geography(NCERT)
  • Concise History of Modern India by Sujata Menon
  • Facets of Indian Culture
  • The Constitution of India by P.M Bakshi
  • Indian Economy by Mishra and Puri

Role & Responsibilities

A collector plays a vital role in a District. He has various roles and responsibilities to discharge. They are as listed below.

  • To look forward to the administration of the whole district.
  • Maintenance of law and order in the district.
  • He is also responsible for collecting the land revenue of the district.
  • Plays an important role in disaster management and crisis management in case of any crisis.
  • To look forward tax revenue maintenance of the district
  • To throw more light he is also the person who also looks after all the election processes for Parliament, State Legislature, and Local Bodies.
  • He serves the district as Chief Development Officer(CDO)
  • Again, he acts as a Grievance Redressal Officer of a district.
  • A Collector is a District Head of Executive Magistrate.
  • Also, he acts as a Special Officer for the laws related to Arms And Explosives in that particular district.
  • He strives hard for the rural development and development of Human Resources.
  • A Collector is solely responsible for the supply of food, Civic amenities, and overall development of a district.
  • A Collector is also responsible for the distribution of Agricultural Loan.
  • To collect all the pending due of government is also a vital role of a Collector.
  • He collects all the statistics of that particular district.
  • To implement the various land reforms.
  • To look after the welfare of farmers.
  • To maintain and manage all the government property.

Salary Of a Collector

The salary of a Collector ranges from Rs. 94,174 to Rs. 1,72,692/-. This amount is without the benefits and perks. The collector along with a good salary also enjoys a lot of benefits. The salary of a collector increases with the experience. You can get the details of the Salary of IAS here.

To talk about other benefits that a Collector gets along with the salary is the dearness allowance (DA), House Rent Allowance, Medical Allowance, Traveling Allowance, Security, Bills, Vacation, and Pension.

The salary also comprises the basic pay, allowances, and various other perks by which a Collector is benefited. Let us see a few of the benefits. They are as listed below.

Dearness Allowance (DA)

It is due to the DA that the salary of an IAS is increased by the government after intervals. The dearness allowance for an IAS is revised on a half-yearly basis. DA is also affected by the inflation rate. But generally, it increases every year.

House Rent Allowance (HRA)

The house rent allowance difference from city to city. The housing flowers generally range from 18 to 24% of the IAS Officer’s Basic Pay.

Medical Allowance

The benefits that an IAS officer enjoys also comprise the medical allowance. An IAS officer can reimburse that medical allowance at the time of the medical treatment.

Travelling Allowance (TA)

According to the grade of the IAS officer and their posting, he/ she is assigned a vehicle. Generally, in a rural area, the officer gets an ambassador car. Whereas in city areas the officers get luxury cars In Innova, Fortuner, etc.

Security

An IAS officer I am not permitted to carry of their own by government. But for the security of IAS officers, the government allotts bodyguards to the IAS officer and their families.

Bills

An Officer might get the electricity, gas, water, and phone bill for free. Sometimes it is not free then the officer may get it at a very subsidized rate.

Vacation

An IAS Officer is allotted a guest house or a bungalow during his/her business or non-business trips.

Pension

An IAS officer Android a good hand full amount of pension a lot of retirement benefits.

When Does an IAS becomes A Collector

After cracking the UPSC – CSE exam the candidate becomes an IAS officer. An IAS Officer after 6 years of service and 2 – 3 promotions becomes the Collector of a distrcit. Whereas an officer selected by the State Civil Service exam who is promoted as an IAS Officer becomes a Collector after 20 years of service.

For example, a Deputy Collector is recruited by MPCS – A State Civil Services Exam in Maharashtra. After various promotions, a Deputy Collector becomes an IAS officer. After serving as an IAS officer and 20 years of service officer is promoted to a Collector.

Tips to Crack Collector’s Entrance Exam (UPSC)

1. Early Preparation

UPSC – CSE is one of the toughest competitive exams. It is not going to be an easy task to crack it. Simultaneously many candidates also apply for vacancies. So if you want to come out with flying colors in this competitive exam you should start your preparation early.

Last moment studies are not at all going to help you. Start your UPSE-CSE Exam Preparation after the 12th itself. You will get the total span of the graduation period to prepare for the examination.

2. Attention on all the subjects

Give overall attention to all the subjects. Focus more on the subject which you find difficult. Also, pay more attention to the technical subjects.

3. Solve all your doubts

Try solving all your doubts at that particular time only. Do not proceed further by keeping a doubt. Get a solution to your doubts and issues.

4. Constant Reading

If you want to crack MPSC Exam it is mandatory for you to develop a reading habit. Read more of newspapers. Surely, this will enhance your General Knowledge and Current Affairs.

5. Time Management

Proper time management and scheduled time table is a perfect key solution to crack this examination. Balance time management with all the subjects and distribute the time evenly.

6. Smart Study with proper guidance

The prior most step before starting the preparation is to understand the examination pattern and syllabus. Study accordingly is a smart study.

7.Previous Year UPSC Paper Solving

After the preparation revision is a must. Yes, I do agree but with revision previous year paper solving is also a must. You will understand the paper pattern and will be used to and prepared for the examination.

UPSC Previous Year Question Paper-Click Here

Skills & Competences required to become a Collector

The various skills required to become a Collector of a district are as follows.

Administrative skills

A person to become a collector should possess good administrative skills. So, he can solve various issues related to administration, law, and order.

Good communication and interpersonal skills

To communicate with the other officials in the district, submit the reports, and have good communication with the state government as well.

Decision making

To become a collector should have good decision-making power. So, he can make good decisions in the time of contingencies and emergencies (natural calamities).

Leadership skills

A person to become a collector should have good leadership skills to lead a district properly and co-ordinate with all the subordinates.

Final Thoughts

To sum up, this away all about step by step process for how to become a Collector. I hope all your related queries regarding eligibility criteria, age limit, syllabus, and preparation are now sorted.

Yet any more questions related to how to become a Collector then get in touch with me. Surely, I will get back to you with a solution.

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