July 21, 2024

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How to Become An Oncologist in India

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How to become an Oncologist in India

Do you want to become an Oncologist in India? If yes, then why don’t you give a try to this article and complete reading it till the end. Hope so, this article will provide all that information or solve your queries that you are looking for long. 

While exploring the article you will come across the basic need and understanding to be an Oncologist like roles and responsibilities, types of Oncology, eligibility criteria, salary, job opportunities, career scope, top recruiters to hire the Oncologist, and best college to pursue the course. 

It will be a proud moment for you to serve the nation with the help of your degree and diagnose people as per the need as Doctors are treated as God in India. The more you serve or treat people properly the more scope you get to work in different cases. This will help you learn and explore new things and how to deal with such cases will not be a tough task for you and your team. 

What is Oncology

The study of treating cancer is known as Oncology. As a doctor or specialist in Oncology, you can help people in treating harmful health issues like cancer and provide a proper diagnosis for the same. After completing MBBS you should opt for a master’s to gain expertise in the field. 

About Oncologist

The one who diagnoses cancer is known as Oncologist. The specialist in oncology is to explain to the patients about the stage of cancer and how it needs to be medicated. As an Oncologist, you need to have chosen your specialization either in medical, radiation, surgical and pediatric. Different specialization has different treatment processes and equipment’s to use to provide the therapy. Some of the methods to treat cancer are Chemotherapy, Biological therapy, Hormonal therapy, and Targeted therapy.

Roles & Responsibilities of Oncologist

As an Oncologist, you have some responsibilities towards your patients. Some of the responsibilities and duties to be concerned are listed below.

  • He/She needs to be good at communication and listening to the queries of the patients. 
  • He/She should be a good counselor to advise and guide patients regarding their health issues
  • and what medication needs to be taken.
  • He/She should be honest and be a trustworthy specialist to look after queries and doubts of the patients. 
  • He/She needs to be very conscious at the time of operation or surgery to get the best result out of it so that their hours of effort shouldn’t go waste.

Types of Oncologist

The treatment of cancer is not always done successfully by One doctor sometimes we need to take advice from 2-3 more Oncologists while diagnosing the patient. There are three fields in which one can gain expertise. You need to be specific about the course you pursue and gather as such as knowledge or information regarding the same to provide the best advice or suggestion to cure or heal patients.

 Let’s discuss them one by one for better clarification.

Medical Oncology

As a Medical Oncology, you must be trained in treating cancer and diagnosing it. The stages of cancer are also identified by the Oncologist and schedule the treatment dates as per the need of the patient’s health.

Radiation Oncology

Radiation therapy is the main process of treatment. Due to which the cancer cell will be destroyed and provide relief to the patients.

Surgical Oncology

As a Surgical Oncology, you must be good in surgery like biopsies for the treatment of cancer.

Oncologist Courses 

The Oncology courses that you can pursue as an Oncologist are listed below. 

Courses Duration Fees
D.M. Medical Oncology 3 years Rs 50,000 to 2 lakhs
M.ch Oncology 3 years Rs 40,000 to 2.5 lakhs
D.M. Oncology 3 years Rs 2 – 3 lakhs
M.ch Surgical Oncology 3 years Rs 2.5 – 4 lakhs
Ph.D. Oncology 3 years Rs 2 – 4 lakhs

Quick Process to become Oncologist 

You need to follow the below-mentioned steps to an Oncologist.

Step 1

After the 12th you need to crack the entrance exam to get admission to the desired college to be an Oncologist. 

Step 2

Once you crack the exam, you need to be specified in which field you need to get the expertise to be an Oncologist. The MBBS degree is of five years. 

Step 3

You can opt for a master’s degree to get more benefit of the course from an authorized university.

Step 4

You need to choose the right Oncologist under whom you can do your Internship. They will guide you and help you in learning the process and technology in a better way.

How to become an Oncologist in India

Eligibility Criteria

As a candidate, you need to have a bachelor’s degree or master’s degree to be an Oncologist. 

Age Limit

There is no such age limit to be an Oncologist. It depends on your potential to learn more and get as much as a degree on the same for better understanding.

Educational Qualification

The aspirant must have a 12th certificate from the Science stream to pursue the Oncologist Course. In 12th standard Physics, Biology and Chemistry must be your main subjects.

You need to have an aggregate of 60% in the 12th standard.

Required Skills

As an Oncologist, you need to be an expert in your field to detect the type of cancer the patient is suffering.

  • He/She needs to keep eye on the research papers or studies going on to treat cancer.
  • He/She should be good at communication with patients and advise them accordingly.
  • As an Oncologist, you should have the potential to counsel people and make them understand things related to cancers and their cases. 
  • He/She needs to be responsible and disciple to dragonize the patient.

Some Practical Skills to learn while pursuing the course as an Oncologist

· Topic Presentations

· In-house and Guest lectures

· Teaching Undergraduates

· Journal conferences

· Using and maintaining biomedical

· Research Review

· Ward Rounds, case presentations, and discussions

· Conferences, Symposia, seminars

· Equipment 

Entrance Exam

Some of the colleges have their entrance exam and some enroll students through government-based entrance exams. These entrance exams need a lot of hard work and effort to crack and get enroll in the course. Let’s know some of the entrance exams that are mentioned in the list. 

  • NEET Entrance Exam
  • AIIMS Entrance exam
  • University of Delhi Entrance Exam
  • Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University Medical Entrance Exam
  • National Brain Research Centre Entrance Exam
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) Entrance Exam
  • Sri Ramachandra Medical College & Research Institute Entrance Exam
  • Delhi University Super Specialty Entrance Test – DUMET
  • Sree Chitra Thirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology Entrance Exam
  • Banaras Hindu University Entrance Exam
  • KIMSEntrance Exam
  • Maharashtra Super-specialty Entrance Test – MH SSET
  • Institute of Human Behavior and Allied Sciences (IHBAS)
  • All India D.M. / M.Ch. Entrance Examination
  • Madras Medical College – Institute of Neurology Entrance Exam

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The course of studies that you have to undergo is mentioned below as DM and M.Ch.

Syllabus for DM

  • Cardiac- Anesthesiology
  • Nephrology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Cardiology
  • Hematology
  • Neurology
  • Pediatric Neurology
  • Neuroradiology
  • Medical Oncology
  • Nero- Anesthesiology

Syllabus for M.Ch

  • Pediatric Surgery
  • G I Surgery
  • Urology
  • Neurosurgery

Oncologist Job Description

Job Roles for Oncologist

If you are working as an Oncologist, then it’s great to work to serve people. Being an Oncologist is not an easy task, it requires a lot of patience and hard work to look into the case no matter how complicated it’s. 

If you are a qualified Oncologist, then you can have the below-mentioned opportunities to work and dragonize people.

Surgical Oncologist

Their job is to look at all the surgeries taking place including the complicated ones. They are concerned with cancer as well as tumor patients.

Radiation Oncologist

The job of a radio oncologist is to provide radiation as the treatment process to make the patient feel relief. 

Research Associate

They guide students to study research activities and other relatable case studies to get knowledge in the chosen field.


They provide the treatment with the help of chemotherapy, biological therapy, or targeted therapy to heal the patients. 

Senior Medical Advisor

They are the one who looks the complicated cases take follow-up and give their reviews in the improvement of the patient’s condition. Their decisions are final for the treatment of the cases.


As a Professor in Oncology, you must be updated with all the current research and case studies to learn new techniques or processes to heal patients.

Career Scope/Employment Opportunities for the Oncologist

As an Oncologist, you must know the career option to pursue for a bright future. Some of the career options are mentioned below.

Paediatric Oncologist 

They are specialized in treating children with cancer. 

Radiation Oncologist 

They must know the use of radiation therapy to diagnose people. 

Intervention oncologist 

They provide tumor therapies to the patients.

Surgical Oncologist 

They are the surgeons who diagnose cancer patients.

Gynecological Oncologist 

They have expertise in treating cancer in the reproductive system in the female body. 

Medical Oncologist 

They medicate the patients by using drugs to heal the patients.

Top Recruiting Companies in India

After getting the Oncologist degree you need to start working in some Institutions. The Recruiting Institutions to hire the best Oncologist are listed below.

  • Fortis
  • Max Hospital
  • Artemis
  • Apollo Hospitals
  • Indian Armed Forces Medical Services

Salary of Oncologist

As an Oncologist, you can work in private as well as Government Sectors. The salary also differs from sector to sector.

In the Government sector, you can earn Rs. 30, 000 to Rs. 40, 000 at an initial stage.

In the Private sector, you can earn Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 2, 00, 000 per month.

The salary of few job categories is mentioned below as an Oncologist.

Job Categories Salary per annum
Surgical Oncologists INR 4 Lakhs to 15 Lakhs
Professor INR 3 Lakhs to 8 Lakhs
Oncologist INR 12 Lakhs to 24 Lakhs
Technical Assistant INR 3 Lakhs to 9 Lakhs
Radio Oncologist INR 10 Lakhs to 15 Lakhs
Research Associate INR 3 Lakhs to 6 Lakhs
Senior Medical Advisor INR 4 Lakhs to 10 Lakhs

Top Colleges in India to Perceive the Course

The best colleges to get admission to be an Oncologist are mentioned below.

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
  • Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology (KMIO), Bangalore
  • Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute (GCRI), Ahmedabad
  • Amrita School of Medicine (ASM), Kochi
  • Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai
  • BJ Medical College (BJMC), Ahmedabad
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research Center (JIPMER), Pudducherry
  • The Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai
  • Madras Medical College (MMC), Chennai
  • Sapthagiri Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Bangalore
  • Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS), Nasik
  • Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences (SAIMS), Indore
  • Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), Hyderabad
  • Regional Cancer Center (RCC), Thiruvananthapuram
  • Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati


To conclude, this was all about How to Become An Oncologist in India. Hope this was the end to all your queries related to an Oncologist. Yet if you have any doubts or queries, you can feel free to ask me by commenting in the comment box. I will get back to you with a proper reply.

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