How to Become a College Professor

Are you interested to be a college professor? Are you trying to gather all the information on the same? If yes, then this article gives all the information about the roles and responsibilities, salary, syllabus, and other queries of yours. Keep reading the article How to Become a College Professor to know all the related detailed information.

Tighten your seat belt to explore the article and update yourself with the latest happenings and queries in the same field. 

About Professor

A Professor is one who teaches in the higher institute which involves undergrads and posts grads students. They have the expertise in any particular field and motivate students to follow the right direction in the same. A professor also does research work in their respective field and public the work in the academic journal. The position of a Professor is very prestigious and respectful. 

Everyone desires to get such name and fame as a Professor from any authorized university. Professors are the pride of the nation as they guide the youth to succeed in life in their selected subjects. They act as Friends/Mentor/Guide to show the right path to the candidate to follow and achieve their dream. 

The Government Professor gets some extra perks or allowances to live a more comfortable and respectful life.

Role & Responsibilities of Professor

A professor is indulged in lots of responsibility in their field and needs to take care of the student’s query and progress in the respective field. The duties of the Professor are jotted here below.

  • He/She acts as a mentor to the students.
  • He/She look into the grades of the students.
  • He/She help students in doing the research work so that it gets published
  • The Professor help in implementing the scientific methods in the field.
  • He/She make the lecture to present them to the students.
  • He/She make the syllabus and other curriculum activities for the student.
  • She/He also helps in making supplement materials for the student for further reference. 
  • She/He tries to motivate or inspire the young students.

Steps to Become a Professor 

To be a Professor you need to follow these steps to be Professor.

Step 1: To become a professor the candidate need to have a bachelor’s degree. The student should know in which subject they want to specialize or in which stream they want to gain their expertise. 

Step 2: Select a subject to have expertise on the same. The student can undergo an internship program to learn better in the same field and this also helps in acquiring skills and knowledge in the same field. 

Step 3: The student can assist the professor to know how they manage the curriculum part, research work, and other relatable work. The student gets the stipend for the effort they put into research work. There are different types of assistance based on the need of the student’s qualification. Students can participate in research assistance to do research work, collect data on the given topic and analyze it to give detailed information about the same. 

Step 4: To be a Professor, one needs to have post-doctoral ideas and expertise. They can learn scientific concepts like chemistry, biology, and physics. 

How to Become a College Professor in India

How to Become a College Professor

To become a College Professor you need to possess some criteria. Let us now have a look at the eligibility criteria to become a College Professor.

Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria to become a College Professor are listed below.

Age Limit 

The age to be Professor starts from 21 years.

Educational Criteria

  • The student needs to complete their 12th from an authorized university.
  • The applicant needs to have a Graduation or Masters’s in any field from an authorized university.
  • You can also prefer to be a Ph.D. degree for doing Research work. 
  • You need to crack the UGC NET entrance exam to get selected for the same.

Exam & Syllabus

The Exam is conducted in two or three stages depending on which the exam is held. 


National Eligibility Test is abbreviated as NET. To appear for this exam the candidate needs to score 55% as the total aggregate mark.

For SC/ST/OBC/Transgender/PWDThe candidate needs to score 50% of the total aggregate mark to appear for such an exam.
GeneralThe candidate need to score 55% of the total aggregate mark to appear for such an exam

Exam Pattern

The exam is held in two sessions. To prepare for such an exam the candidate needs to understand the exam pattern briefly. The exam pattern is objective. You can refer to the table for further information. 

Mode of ExamOnlineOnline
Duration of Exam3 hours3 hours
Number of Questions50100
Marks 100200
LanguageBoth English and HindiBoth English and Hindi
Negative markingZeroZero


To qualify for the NET entrance Exam you need to follow the subject in which you want your expertise to be. For example, if you chose commerce as your stream that you need to be good in Accounting, Financial, and many more to crack the NET exam.

It also consists of Aptitude, Reasoning, Comprehension, Data Interpretation, and many more.


Council of Scientific and Industrial Research is abbreviated as CSIR. To fill the form of this exam the candidate must have the degree of B.Pharma,, B.E, and many more.

GeneralThe candidate needs to score 55% of the total mark to appear for such an exam.
SC/ST/OBCThe candidate gets 5% relaxation to appear in this exam

Exam Pattern

The candidate needs to have detailed information about the exam pattern to make a proper strategy for the exam. 

SectionsTotal  questionsQuestions to Attempt in totalMarks In TotalNegative MarkTiming
Part-A2015300.53 hours
Part-B5035700.53 hours
Part-C75251001.03 hours


To qualify CSIR NET entrance Exam you need to prepare for any subject of your choice to crack the exam. For example, if you want your expertise in science then you need to choose any one option like chemistry, physics, Chemical Science, Earth Science, Math out of it and start preparing for the same. 


The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is shorted as GATE. To appear for this exam the candidate should have a Bachelor’s degree in engineering or technology or a Master’s Degree.

CategoryAge limit
GeneralNo age limit to appear for this exam
SC/ST/OBCNo age limit to appear for this exam

Exam Pattern

The candidate needs to go through the details of the exam pattern mentioned below.

Mode of the ExamOnline
Duration of the Exam3 hours
Exam paperIt consists of General Aptitude and the subject chosen by the applicant.
Number of Questions65 ( 10 from General Aptitude and 55 from selected subjects)
Question patternObjective
Negative Marking strategy1/3rd of the mark is deducted in the wrong answer


Are you the one who wants to Crack the GATE exam on the first go then you need to be an expert in a specific field. For example, if you chose any Bachelor Degree in Engineering, technology, or Postgraduates from any science stream.


State Eligibility Test is shortened as SLET. The candidate needs to follow the required qualification to appear for such an entrance exam.

GeneralThe candidate needs to score 55% of the aggregate marks.
SC/ST/OBCThe candidate needs to score 50% of the aggregate marks.

Exam Pattern

Are you the one who is aiming high to crack this entrance exam? If yes, then you need to know the exam pattern briefly to start preparing for the exam.

Number of Questions50(Paper-1), 100(Paper-2)
Exam Timing 1 hour( Paper -1) and 2 hours(Paper-2)
Total marks300
Mode of ExamOnline
Exam PatternObjective
LanguageBoth Hindi and English


The candidate needs to prepare or select any stream of their choice from the Arts, Commerce, and science stream. You need to have your expertise in any particular stream subject to Crack the exam.

Books & Study Material

These are the books and some of the Materials that you need to follow to be a professor.

  • The Author of the book is Marie K. Iding and R. Murray Thomas to become a Professor.
  • A book by Stephen Jenkins on how to become a professor.
  • The Author Karen Kelsey, P.h.D for the book The Professor Is In.
  • A book called you to want to be a professor by P.Aarne Versilind.

Also Read

How to become a Professor with Ph.D. Degree

For a candidate to become a professor with Ph.D. Degree the applicant needs to complete a Master’s degree in any particular subject from any specific Stream. And the candidate needs to qualify for any particular entrance exam like GATE/NET/CSIR/SLET to get enrolls for the Ph.D. degree. 


There is no age limit to pursue Ph.D. in your respective subject.

GeneralThe student needs to have a minimum of 55% of the total aggregate marks.
SC/ST/OBCThe student needs to have a minimum of 50% of the total aggregate marks.
 Years to complete the Course2 years

Job Roles

Some of the Job roles for Professor are as follows.


Their role is to teach students in their respective streams and help them in gathering all the information in the same.

Associate Professor

Their duty is to join the conference meeting, do research work, guide students, and supervise them; they try to solve the queries of the student.

Assistant Professor

They coordinate and assist the professor in terms of managing and going through the lectures, helping in research work, and many more. 


The Head of the Department is abbreviated as HOD who takes care of the respective department. All the happening in the department is done with the approval of the HOD.  


They do the research work on any particular subject and write on it to publish in the journals.

Employment Sector

A Professor can get enrolled in any of these Employment Sector as listed below.

  • Online Coaching 
  • Government Institutions
  • Research Institutions
  • Private Institutions
  • Coaching Centre

Top recruiting companies

Some of the top recruiting companies or organizations for College Professors are as follows.

  • Birla Institute of Technology
  • Symbiosis Open Education Society
  • Indian Institute of Technology
  • IMRB International

Salary of a Professor

It is quite acceptable to get paid for your hard work. Even a College Professor is paid for his/her hard work. The salary may differ on basis of the position acquired by the College Professor. 

Here is the list of the pay scale of the college Professor along with their designation.

RoleInitial Salary In INRIntermediary Salary In INRSenior Level Salary In INR
Assistant Professor28,10055,8001,15,400
Associate Professor43,1001,03,9002,13,100

Best Colleges in India to perceive career as a Professor

Here is the list of best colleges in India to get enroll in any stream to be a Professor.

  • HCL Talent care, Noida
  • Foreman Training Institute, Bangalore
  • Indian Diamond Institute, Surat
  • B.P Marine Academy, Navi Mumbai


To conclude, this was all about How to Become a College Professor. Hope I was able to explain in detail how to become a professor. Yet any more related queries ask me by commenting in the comment section. I will get back to you with a proper answer. For how to become College Lecturer you are supposed to follow the same procedure.

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