July 22, 2024

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How to Become a Radiologist in India After 12th

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How to become a Radiologist in India

If you are looking for How to become a radiologist in India then you have landed on the right page to get all the details of the same. In this article, you will get to know the age limit, courses, roles and responsibilities, exams and syllabus, and many more.

Having a career as a Radiologist is a blessing for many. If you choose this as an option you have to work hard to achieve the goal. It’s all that your effort will give you the fruit of success. A Radiologist is a great opportunity to serve the patients and help them in guiding in the right way.

Radiology Definition

The process that diagnoses all the problems related to the whole human body including all the organs is called Radiology. It is the process to diagnose various diseases and illnesses. To Diagnose Radiology includes processes like MRL, X-ray, and many more.

About Radiologist

With the growth of technology, there is a great help in medical science and its treatment. These technologies have made it easy to detect the disease fast and help in curing it. Some of the illnesses happening in the body like Brain tumors, cancer, lymphoma, stroke, stone in the bladder or kidney, and other problems can be detected by such technology. These treatments do not include surgery but it only detects the disease, illness, or problem in the human body.

When the patient goes under treatment at the initial stage the process may affect the patient in a positive way to save their life. For the Radiologist process or treatment to be successful proper diagnosis methods need to be followed. 

The radiologist method is a boon to doctors in this modern world. Without this, there would be a lot of burden for doctors to deal with patients’ issues. Such a process consumes less time and makes the work easy for the doctors to treat patients. 

The reports of the diagnosis are based on the Doctor’s prescribed test. With the analysis of the report, further treatment or diagnosis processes will start. Radiology consists of two fields that are diagnostic radiology and the second one is interventional radiology. 

The field of radiology deals with medicine that focuses on X-Rays to find out the injuries or diseases faced by the patients. There is another field that includes CT scans, MRI, and many more to handle the patients. 

Even the ultrasound is a part of this which is very useful for pregnant ladies or to check the size of the stones in the kidney or gallbladder and much more included in it. If you want to be an expert in this field you should have an MD degree. 

The need of the time is to provide the right treatment to the patients after knowing their symptoms. To start such a diagnosis the doctor takes a historical follow-up of the patient and prescribes certain physical exams or tests to consider the case properly. 

Role & Responsibilities of Radiologist

The responsibilities that a Radiologist carries are as follows.

  • He/ She deals in medical imaging.
  • He/ She is an expert in the work of the human body in case of any disease. 
  • He/ She helps in the diagnosis of the patients.

Radiologist Specialties

Radiologist Specialties are of three types and they are mentioned below.

  • Diagnostic Radiology
  • Radio Oncology
  • Interventional Radiology

Out of the three choices, any one of these will be a great opportunity to peruse a good career in it.

Radiologist Courses in India

You can choose any one of these to be an expert in this field listed below.

  • Certificate in Radiology Assistant
  • Diploma in Radio Diagnosis
  • Certificate in Radiography
  • Diploma in Radio-diagnostic Technology
  • Certificate in Radiography Diagnostic
  • B.Sc in Radiography
  • MD/MS in Radio Diagnosis
  • B.Sc (Hons) in Medical Radiotherapy Technology
  • M.Sc Radiology
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Radiotherapy Technology
  • Diploma in Radiography and Radiotherapy
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Radiodiagnosis and Imaging Sciences

How to become a Radiologist in India

A candidate to become MD or MS in Radiology must be an MBBS degree holder with qualifying marks & should have completed the internship. MD or MS course is for 2 years. Candidates can specialize according to choice in radiography, radiodiagnosis, radio imaging & many more.

How to become a Radiologist in India

Eligibility Criteria 

To become a Radiologist a candidate should fulfill certain eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria to become a radiologist are listed below.

Age Limit

Age Limit for a Radiologist is 18 years to 30 years. For Government servants, there are 5 years of relaxation.

Educational Criteria

Courses Qualification
Diploma Program in Radiology 12th complete to enroll in this course.
B.Sc in Radiology You need to score 55% of the aggregate mark in the 12th standard.
M.Sc in Radiology You need to score 50% of the aggregate mark in B.Sc in Radiology.
MS/MD in Radiology You need to MBBS degree along with the internship.

How to become Radiologist after 12th


A candidate first must have completed the 12th class with 55% of aggregate marks taking the PCB subject compulsory. The graduation course is for 3 years. This course is available in both modes – online & offline.

Post Graduation

After completion of the graduation, the candidate can pursue the post-graduation course. The duration of this course is of 2 years. Post-graduation deals in the specialization. The candidate can choose his specialization in Radiology. Completing the post-graduation program will create better job opportunities for a radiologist.

Exam & Syllabus

To get enrolled in this course you need to crack any of the entrance exams listed below.

  • All India Institute of Medical Science Radiography Entrance
  • The National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Science Radiography Entrance Exam 
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Education 

To prepare for such an entrance exam you need to know the syllabus to make a proper preparation strategy. Let’s go and explore the syllabus.

First Year Syllabus

  • Human Anatomy
  • Computers Basic and introduction
  • Physiology 
  • General Physics
  • Pathology
  • X-Ray Introduction 
  • Radiation Physics
  • Radiography Equipment

Second Year Syllabus

  • Radiography Process
  • Emergencies and Principles
  • Project work
  • MRI, CT Scan, and Ultrasound
  • Patient Ethics
  • Organizational Behaviors
  • Imaging Processing Techniques

Third Year Syllabus

  • Doppler and Echography
  • Anesthetics in Diagnostic Radiology
  • Quality Control
  • Radiobiology 
  • Instruments for advanced imaging
  • Log Book Auditing
  • Radiation

Also, read

Radiologist Techniques

There are various technologies involved in Radiologists. Some of them are mentioned here.

  • Ultrasound
  • X-rays
  • MRI scans (Magnetic resonance imaging)
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Computerized tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Nuclear imaging
  • The CT scan (Computerized tomography)
  •  Positron emission tomography (PET)

They assist doctors in hospitals, medicals, or clinics to give proper treatment to the patients. 

Types of Radiologist

  • General Radiologist
  • Neuroradiologist
  • Pediatric Radiologist
  • Forensic Radiologist
  • Chest Radiologist
  • Abdominal Radiologist
  • Breast Radiologist
  • Oncology Radiologist

Books & Study Material

To have a great career scope in this field you must follow specific books to crack the entrance exam. Some of the names of the books are mentioned below.

  • A book by Stephen Chapman and Stephen G. Davies named Aids to Radiological Differential Diagnosis.
  • The authors of the book Basic Radiology are David J.Ott, Thomas L. Pope, and Michael Y. Chen.
  • A book named Fundamentals of Diagnostic Radiology by the writer Clyde Helms and William E. Brant.
  • The writer of the book Essentials of Radiology by Fred A. Mettler.

Career Scope for Radiologists

Radiology is more in demand and a craze to deal with medical science for the treatment of diseases. This helps to detect the disease in the body easily. To get enrolled in this you need to have skills and educational qualifications to have a career as a Radiologist. 

Here are the options to get opportunities as careers in this field are as follows- 

•          Radiologist

•          Radiology Technician

•          Radiology Technologist/Radiographer

•          Radiology Assistant

•          Radiology Nurse

•          MRI Technician

•          Ultrasound Technician / Diagnostic Medical Sonographer

•          CT Tech / CAT scan Technologist / CT Scan Technologist

•          Super-Specialist Hospital

•          Government and Private Hospitals

•          Diagnostic Centers

•          Government and Private Medical Laboratories

•          Nursing Homes

The career scope for a Radiologist is wide. A radiologist also has a good scope as a Cardiovascular Radiologist, NeuroRadiologist, Emergency Radiologist, Nuclear Radiologist, Gastrointestinal Radiologist, Diagnostic Radiologist & many more.

Fees For Radiologist Course

Generally, the fees for the Radiology course differ from college to college & from time to time. But on average, the basic fees for this preferred course are around INR 45000 – 50,000 approximately.

Salary of Radiologist 

The salary of a Radiologist differs from course to course. The basic salary starts from INR 25000 and with experience and hard work it can reach 25 lakhs per annum. The average salary after pursuing this particular course is around 2 lakh to 2.5 lakh approximately. The salary increase with the gain of experience in the field.

The salary of a government is higher than that of a private. The average salary of a Radiologist in the government sector is 10 to 12 lakhs approximately.

Let us now understand the salary structure more in detail.

Courses Salary
Bachelor’s in Science in Radiology Rs 3,45, 000 to Rs 7,75,000 per annum
PG Diploma or MD in Radiology Rs 5, 75, 000 to Rs 9, 00, 000 per annum
B.Sc in Radiography Rs 1,25,000 to Rs 2,50,000 per annum

Top Recruiters

The top recruiters for Radiologists in India are as listed below.

  • Fortis Hospital
  • Max Health Care
  • HLL Life Care & many more

Best Colleges in India to pursue Radiology Course

Some of the Best Colleges to get enrolled in Radiology courses are listed below.

  • Quantum University, Roorkee
  • Maharishi Markandeshwar Deemed University, Ambala
  • PGIMER, Chandigarh
  • Teerthanker Mahavir University, Moradabad
  • Swami Rama Himalayan University, Dehradun
  • Madras Christian College, Chennai
  • SGT University, Gurgaon
  • Shyam Institute of Engineering and Technology, Dausa
  • The Centurion University of Technology and Management, Bhubaneswar
  • CMC, Vellore
  • Manipal University
  • JSS Medical College


To conclude this was all about How to Become a Radiologist in India. Technology is changing so we should change with the changing technology. And perceive new and vivid career options available recently. If you have more queries related to the topic feel free to ask me. I will get back to you.

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