May 21, 2024

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How to Become a Teacher in India

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How to Become a Teacher in India

If you are thinking about How to Become a Teacher in India then, you should read this article in detail to get all the information regarding the same. Here, you will learn a lot of things about How to become teacher – the eligibility criteria, salary, education qualification, courses to be a teacher, process to follow to be the same, job opportunities, and career choice to be a teacher in India. 

Being a teacher is more of pride as they are the one who makes the future of the students. It’s the teachers who make the fundamental of the students strong and make them confident. They are the best guide, mentors, and friends to influence the mind of the students. Teaching is an art that can be handled by a few only and if you are the one then it’s amazing.

About Teacher

Teaching is one of the most respectable and passionate jobs in India. It is more trending among youths. Teaching is the greatest profession to choose as a career as this helps the students to guide or mentor them to have a bright future. 

There are various positions for a teacher based on their qualification. The task of the special teachers is tough as they have to guide and make educated to special students or disabled one to read, learn and write. 

There are other positions like nursery teachers, elementary teachers, primary and secondary teachers, high school teachers, and lecturers. To be a lecturer you need to have a specialized degree in any subject.

Role & Responsibilities of a Teacher

As a teacher, you have many roles and responsibilities to nurture the students in their development, both academic and extra-curricular-wise. Some of the roles and responsibilities are written below to make it more informative. 

  • He/She needs to be disciplined and hard-working.
  • He/She should be good at communicating with students.
  • He/She should be good at the problem-solving and right attitude to guide students in solving their doubts and queries.
  • He/She has the responsibility to mentor and guide the students in choosing the right career.

Types of Teacher 

You can get enrolled in different courses to be a teacher based on the duration and fees of the course.

Position of a Teachers Courses Course Duration Classes/ students to teach Fees
Pre-Primary School Teacher Nursery Teachers Training(NTT) or Diploma in Early Childhood Education (D.E.C.Ed) after 12th standard. 1year or 2years 3 to 5 years Rs5000-Rs25000 per annum
Primary School Teacher Elementary Teacher Education or Bachelor’s in Elementary education(B.El.Ed) or Diploma in Elementary Education(D.El.Ed) 2years or 4 years or 2years 6 to12 years Rs20, 000- Rs1, 20, 000 per annum
Secondary School Teacher Bachelor’s in Education (B.Ed) 2years 6th to 10th standard Rs 20,000-Rs 50,000 per annum
Senior Secondary School Teacher Post Graduate from any specific subjects or Bachelor of Education (B. Ed) 2 years  11th and 12th standard Rs 20, 000 –Rs 50,000 per annum
Special Educator Bachelor’s in Education (B.Ed)  2years All age group students Rs 40-50k per annum
Professor/Lecturer The candidate needs to have a master degree to appear for the UGC-NET entrance exam Depends on the attempt to crack the exam University students Rs1.5lakhs to Rs 2lakhs 

How to Become a Teacher

How to Become a Teacher in India

Eligibilty Criteria

To become a teacher in India you need to qualify for some eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria are listed below.

Age Limit

There is no age limit to be a teacher in India. It completely depends upon your experience and qualification to join any institution.

Educational Qualification

To be a teacher you need to have any of the following educational qualifications. 

Courses Duration Pursue the course after Marks
Basic Training Certificate  6 to 12 months 12th standard 50% of aggregate mark in total.
Diploma in Education (D.Ed) 2years 12th standard 50% of aggregate mark in total.
Diploma in Elementary Education(D.El.ED) 2 years 12th standard 50% of aggregate mark in total.
Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.ED)  3years 12th standard 50% of aggregate mark in total.

B. Ed & M. Ed Course Details

Courses Duration Fees
Bachelor’s in education(B.Ed) Two years Rs 20, 000 to Rs 50,000 per annum.
Master’s  education(M.Ed) Two years Rs 20, 000 to Rs 50, 000 per annum.

Entrance Exams

Here, are some of the entrance exams conducted by the central and state governments.

Entrance Exam Conducted by
Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) Central and State Government
State Teacher Eligibility Test (STET) State Government
Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) Central Government
National Eligibility Test (NET) UGC-NET Universities and colleges


To crack the entrance exam you must know what you have to study and how to prepare you the entrance exam. Let’s read one by one to understand the syllabus. 

Semester 1 

  • Childhood and Growing Up
  • Department of Elective 1 and 2
  • Learning and Teaching along with the practical
  • Drama and Art in Education

Semester 2

  • Assessment for learning
  • Department of Elective 3, 4, 5 and 6
  • Language across the curriculum
  • Creating an Inclusive School
  • Internship

Semester 3

  • Service Learning
  • Projects
  • Department of Elective 5 and 6

Semester 4

  • Contemporary India and Education
  • Department of Elective 7
  • Reasoning Ability
  • Understanding the self
  • Workshop on school management
  • Understanding the Disciplines

Skills Required

To be a teacher you need to be good at following skills.

  • You need to be smart and talented to solve the query of the students
  • You need to be well-trained and disciplined to handle the student’s mindset.
  • You need to be good at conveying the lessons in the right way to the students.
  • As a teacher, you need to be punctual and must know how to manage time. 

Books & Study Material

Some of the books that you need to follow to crack the entrance exam are mentioned below. 

Also, read

The Process to Become a Teacher

Step 1: Choose the class you can teach.

  • You should know which class students you can teach like nursery standard.
  • Primary Schools from 1st to 8th standard.
  • Secondary schools from 9th to 10th standard.
  • Senior Secondary Schools from 11th to 12th standard. 

Step 2: Choose the subject you can make students learn.

To be a teacher in Primary School you need not be particular in any subjects. For Senior Secondary, you need to choose any particular subject to teach students.

Step 3: Courses to enroll to be a teacher.

Some of the courses are mentioned here to be a teacher. 

  • D.Ted
  • B.Ed
  • M.Ed
  • B.El.Ed
  • D.El.Ed

Step 4: Decide which school you want to teach private or government schools.

Private Schools do not give many allowances, extra perks, and quarters. In Government Schools, you will get all such allowances. 

Step 5: Crack any entrance exam

There are many entrance exams to crack and get enrolled in any authorized university of your choice. Some of the exams are CTET, NET, STET, and TET.

Job Roles of a Teacher

There are lots of opportunities for teachers to start their careers based on their qualifications.

High School/Secondary School Teachers

The most important part to be a high school teacher is that you need to have a master’s degree in any specific subjects like math, chemistry, biology or physics, social science, political science, and other relatable subjects. This is the stage from where students get to know what they can pick as their career option. High School teachers act as mentors and guides to help students take up the best career option.

Elementary School Teachers

Elementary School Teacher creates the base of the students with the help of activities, preparing study material, being in contact with parents to get feedback of their children or any improvement suggestions.

Special Educators/Teachers

Special Educators are aware of how to communicate with special children in teaching them. They will make them read, write, and make them learn things differently. Special Teachers have taken proper training and courses to take care of the special students.

Primary School Teachers

Primary school teachers are good in all subjects and they take classes from 6th to 8th grade. They look into the development of students both extracurricular and academic-wise.

Career Scope/ Employment Opportunities

Some of the great employment opportunities for teachers are jotted down.

  • Government Schools
  • Art Colleges and Music Academics
  • Tutors
  • Private Schools
  • Municipality/State Government Schools
  • Public Schools
  • Colleges and Universities

Top Recruiters in India for Teacher

The Top recruiting schools to hire Teachers are mentioned below.

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Defense Schools like Air Force School
  • Private school based on the CBSE, ICSE medium
  • Government school
  • Technical Universities approved by AICTE (All India Council of Technical Education)

Salary of a Teacher

The salary of a Private school and government school are close to each other. The only difference is that the Government job provides allowances and quarters to live a comfortable life.

The salary of a government school and private school are mentioned below.

Schools Salary in INR
Government Schools 2Lakhs per annum
Private Schools 2.5Lakhs per annum
Fresher schools Teacher 2.3Lakhs per annum
Experienced Schools Teacher 5Lakhs per annum

Grade wise Salary of a School Teacher is listed below.

Grade wise Teachers Salary in INR
Pre-Primary School Teacher 3.5 LPA
Senior Secondary School Teacher 5 LPA
Lecturer/Professor 5.3 LPA
Primary School Teacher 4  LPA
Special Teacher 7.5LPA
Secondary School Teacher 4.5LPA

Best Colleges to perceive course in India

The best colleges to get admission for the course of being a teacher are jotted down.

  • Amity University, Noida
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
  • Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Delhi
  • Gagotias University Greater, Noida


To conclude, this was all about how to become a teacher in India. Hope I covered all the detailed information you were looking forward to. Yet if you want to know anything more or have any queries you can feel free to ask me by commenting in the comment section. I will reach you with a proper answer. Share with me your experience of becoming a teacher and shaping the career of many students.

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