How to become a BDO (Block Development Officer)

Are you the one who is searching for a guiding article on how to become a BDO officer of a block? If yes, then go through this article and get all the information regarding How to become a BDO.

The article will brief you in detail about the process, responsibilities, age limit, and criteria to crack this exam. Let’s get started.

Who is BDO Officer

A BDO is responsible for the development of a district under which the blocks are mentioned. They look into the planning of the block or take proper charge of that. They are the ones who give permission for the construction of roads or railways in that particular block and the work gets implemented after the BDO approval. They work for the public need and try to fulfill their requirement.

Full Form of BDO 

Block Department Officer is abbreviated as BDO. They work for the welfare of the people in the development of the district. Their focus on the enhancement of the block with cooperation with other employees.

Role & Responsibilities of BDO 

  • A BDO has a lot of responsibilities to handle a block. Each responsibility needs to carry out properly without any restrictions or limitations.
  • Some of the responsibilities and role of BDO is mentioned below –
  • They need to check or cross verify the program presented by the respective authority. 
  • He is the one who approves all the documents or letters or contracts and on behalf of Panchayat. 
  • The money from the fund of the Panchayat Samiti is drawn by the BDO
  • He crosses verify the financial position with the levy of tax or loan and look into the financial accounts of the Panchayat Samiti
  • He acts as a supervisor for the other employee who works in Panchayat Samiti
  • The annual Budget is presented by BDO to the Panchayat Samiti
  • He is responsible to submit all the reports of fraud, robbery, theft, and any such issues to the Panchayat. 

How to become a BDO

how to become a bdo

To become a Block Development Officer you must qualify the eligibility criteria listed below.

Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria to become a BDO are listed below.


  •  The candidate should be a citizen of India, Nepal, and Bhutan 
  •  Refugees who are not given the certificate of permanent residents of India and came to India before January 1962 can also apply for this exam.

Age Limit

General Category

The aspirant must be a minimum of 21-32 years those who are from the General category

SC/ST Category

For SC/ST there are five years of relaxation till 37 years

OBC Category

For OBC the age limit is 35years with three years of relaxation 


For those who are Disabled Physically the age limit is 42 years with 10years of relaxation. 

Educational Qualification

The applicant needs to complete 12th from any authorized board from any stream and have completed Bachelor’s degree or graduated from an authorized university and even the candidate having a master degree can apply for such an exam.

What is PSC 

Provincial Civil service is abbreviated as PCS. Every state conducts its exam through PCS only. The exam has three stages. Each one is described below.

PSC Preliminary Exam 

  • Prelims Exam divided into two papers is General Studies Paper-1 and 2.
  • General Paper- 1 is of 100 questions and Paper-2 has 80 questions. 
  • Both the papers are of 200 marks.
  • The time Duration for both the paper is two hours.
PapersDurationMarksNegative marking
General Studies -1Two hours2001/3rd of the mark is cut in each wrong answer.
General Studies -2Two hours2001/3rd of the mark is cut in each wrong answer.


General Studies Paper-1 

To prepare for such an exam the candidate must be aware of the syllabus and should know which topic they should pick and which one they should avoid. 

Here is the list of syllabus and you should thoroughly go through it.

  • Indian Politics consists of the Indian Constitution and the political system
  • International Relation of the world and the other institution which is based on International prospective.
  • Indian Geography which has economical, social and physical Geography
  • Statistics consists of graphical and diagrammatical questions
  • India and the world based on both external and internal security
  • Science and Technology field including space and basic computer also
  • Some of the topics on present issues are also focused on corruption, adult literacy, Democracy, ecology, human rights, and many more.

General Studies Paper-2

It includes Reasoning, Aptitude, logical reasoning, English Comprehension and decision making, and many more.

This is a qualifying paper whose marks will not get added to the prelims result. For qualifying, the candidate needs to score 33% out of the total.

The candidate needs to choose their optional paper carefully. 

PSC Mains Exam

The mains exam has eight papers in total with three hours each. Each paper is of 200 marks.

English1003 hours
Hindi1003 hours
General Studies -12503 hours
General Studies – 22503 hours
General Studies – 32503 hours
General Studies – 42503 hours


In the Essay paper, there are three sets of topics containing in each section. Chose one topic from the respective sections and the word limit is 700 to write each topic.

In Hindi, Paper questions are based on prefix and suffix, spelling correction, telegram writing, and many more. It consists of 50 marks.

General Studies 1 includes History, society, and Geography. 

General Studies 2 consists of the Indian Constitution and polity, Governance, Political Science and International Relation.

General Studies 3 has Security issues and economics and many more

General Studies 4 is Ethics Paper

Optional Papers – There are two optional Papers. The candidate can choose their mains paper out of the 29 subjects 

There are few subjects which should not be chosen together. You can go through the list and choose your paper wisely. The list of those papers is listed below.

  • Public administration with Political Science
  • Punjabi literature with English, Sanskrit, or Hindi literature
  • Electrical Engineering with Mechanical and Civil Engineering
  • Veterinary Service following Animal Husbandry with Agriculture 
  • Agriculture with Animal husbandry and veterinary service.

PSC Interview

This is the final round of the exam. Once this round is clear your name will be displayed in the website.


The candidate needs to be prepare from every perspective to clear the Interview from current affairs, mental ability to many more topics.

Books & Study Material

For this, the candidate needs to study NCERT books from classes 6 to 12.

  • You can follow Laxmikant for Polity
  • GC Leon for geography
  • Spectrum for Indian history

Along with all these, you have to follow state-orientated books to update yourself about the state’s currently happening. 

Reading Newspaper every day is compulsory along with that some magazines like Chronicle or Kurukshetra should be followed by the student. 

Also Read

How to Apply for BDO

If you are the one you are interested to be a BDO then you should follow these steps to apply for such exams. The steps are listed below.

Step 1: The candidate needs to check the official website of their respective state whether the BDO post is out or not. 

Step 2: Once the form is out you can apply for the post depending upon the eligibility criteria. If the criteria are fulfilled then it’s a golden opportunity for you to get enrolled in this entrance exam. 

Step 3: While applying the form certain things are asked and then it is compulsory for the candidate to fulfill the requirement. They ask for a passport size color photo, 10th, 12th, Bachelor degree certificate, and digital signature too.

Step 4:After you upload all the required information you have to pay the fee for the entrance exam and submit the form. 

Step 5: The candidate needs to keep a printout of the same for reference in the future in case needed.

Step 6: On the respective website, you will find out the examination date. 

Step 7: Download the hall ticket which is important to enter into the examination center

Salary of BDO

A BDO salary differs from block to block. The basic pay scale is Rs 9,300 to Rs 34,800 with some extra perks and allowances. The salary increases gradually with time up to the age of 60 years. 


To conclude, this was all about How to become a BDO. Now with this guiding direction, you can easily start with your preparation for a BDO. I have shared a simple guide on BDO with all the necessary details. Yet if you require any more related details ask me by commenting in the comment box. You will get my instant response in the form of an answer.

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