How to Become DM – Eligibility, Age Limit, Exam

How to become Dm is a big question mark to many of them? Most preferably for those who are very passionate and have already decided on their aim in life.

But with this passion and ambition, there is one more thing that is very important to become a Dm. What are the necessary steps and all the steps to follow to become a Dm?

To become Dm and crack all the necessary exam rounds, keep reading the articles until the end as I will be sharing a lot of information with tips to become Dm. So, let’s get started.

Who is DM

Many people are not aware of what actually Dm is? Are you also the one? Then, let’s first understand in detail what Dm is.

To tell more about, Dm is a district magistrate and Dm is none other than an IAS officer. Dm is a chief executive and administrative officer of a district.

Dm is just such a Protocol Officer of the district? Dm is none other than an Indian Administrative Service Officer who is also a Chief Executive of a district. And, is in charge of the role and responsibility of the administration of the whole district.

Role & Responsibilities of DM

Dm has many functions to discharge. The role and responsibilities of Dm is as follows given below.

  • To look forward to the administration of the district in a very proper way is the responsibility of a district magistrate
  • Maintenance of law and order in the district
  • Dm also supervisors the police and is responsible to conduct magisterial inquiries
  • He is also responsible for collecting the land revenue of the district.
  • Fulfills the role of arbitrator
  • Solely responsible for the land acquisition of district
  • Plays an important role in disaster management and crisis management in case of any crisis
  • To look forward tax revenue maintenance of the district
  • He also supervisors activities of magistrates
  • Also, he is responsible to take all the necessary actions which can prevent crime within the district. The public safety of the district and its protection is his responsibility
  • He is the person to submit the annual crime report to the government
  • To throw more light he is also the person who also looks after all the election processes working within the boundary of a district
  • He is the sole person responsible to implement the transfer of the government officials and also to grant the leaves to different officials within the district
  • It is also DM’s responsibility to submit the annual budget of the district to the government

DM Full Form

The full form of Dm is District Magistrate. Dm is the chief administrative officer of a district who is also responsible for the revenue of a district.

How to Become DM

For Becoming a District Magistrate, you have to pass the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) exam and secure a rank within the top 100. Once you clear this exam you will become an India Administrative Services Officer (IAS). IAS Officer, after one or two promotions you will become a DM of a district.

how to become dm

To become Dm you need to have some requirements. The compulsory requirements are as follows:

  • Nationality: If you want to become Dm the uttermost requirement is the citizenship of India.
  • Qualification: To become a Dm you need to have a bachelor’s degree in any field from any recognized University. Then, the candidate is eligible to fill the form of UPSC and prepare for the examination.

Age limit

  • The candidate of the General category between the age of 21 to 30 years is eligible to become Dm
  • But if you belong to the OBC category then age should be between 21-33 years and there are 3 years of age relaxation 
  • For SC/ST category then your age should be between 21-35, that is 5 years of age relaxation

Educational Qualification

  • A person to be a Dm needs to hold a bachelor’s degree from any recognized University.
  • The degree can be in any of the fields of his choice.
  • Even those candidates who have completed their education from distance education or through correspondence education are eligible to apply for a post of a Dm.
  • Candidates can apply for the examination even in the final year of graduation.
  • Candidates awaiting the results are also eligible for the Prelims Exam of the UPSC-CSE Exam. But for Mains Exam they have to produce proof of passing the exam.
  • Candidates with technical degrees are also eligible to apply for this post.
  • Also, a candidate with a professional qualification can apply for the exam.
  • A Medical student who has completed the degree but is undergoing an internship program is also eligible to apply for the post.
  • Candidates who have passed the ICAI, CWA, or ICSI Exam.

What is UPSC

To become Dm you need to crack the UPSC’s Civil Service Exam (CSE). UPSC is a National Level Exam. UPSC stands for Union Service Public Commission which is a central agency that conducts IAS Exam (Indian Administrative Service).

UPSC is also known as Civil Services Examination which is conducted by UPSC. Also, it is a pen-paper type.The total number of attempts a person is liable to give are attempts 6 attempts.

The total number of vacancies after qualifying this exam is approximately 800 and above. More than 8 lakhs candidates apply for this National Examination every year.

Online Application for the exam starts from February to March tentatively. Generally, UPSC conducts an exam once in a year generally in the month of October. The result of the exam is declared in the month of November.

The process for the IAS exam conducted by UPSC is as follows.

  • Preliminary exam
  • Mains exam
  • Interview process

Let us, understand the stages more in details.

1. Preliminary exam

  • The preliminary exam has 2 papers that are conducted.
  • Each paper has 200 marks.
  • The question paper is in two languages namely English and Hindi
  • The duration of the paper is 2 hours.
  • This examination carries a negative marking of the one-third penalty. That is for each wrong answer there is a negative marking of 0.33 marks
  • The preliminary Exam generally takes place in the month of October.

Syllabus for the Preliminary Exam

Paper 1Indian History
General Science
Indian Politics
Current Events
General Issues
Indian Geography
World Geography
Social Development
Economic Development
Paper 2Communicational Skills
Intrapersonal Skills
English Skills
English Comprehension
Language skill chosen by the candidate
Decision-making skills
Problem-solving ability
Mental Ability
Basic Numeracy

Paper 1. Current affairs

Here, you need to have very good general knowledge and good general studies of current events going on at the National and international levels. You need to read newspapers to gain general knowledge.

Paper 2. Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT)

This paper comprises competencies related to comprehension, interpersonal, and communication skills. Hereby analytical ability, logical reasoning, and mental ability are also tested. Also, there are questions related to decision making and problem-solving.

2. Mains exam

  • After qualifying for the preliminary exam the candidates are eligible for the second round that is the mains exam.
  • Generally, Mains Exams are conducted in the month of January.
  • After the mains exam, the candidate will be liable for the process of the interview.
  • Though the Mains exam consists of 9 papers, out of these 9 papers, only 7 papers will be taken for the merit ranking. For the remaining two papers the candidate should obtain the minimum marks as set by UPSC. The total marks for this examination are 1750 marks.

This exam includes a total of 9 papers namely.

Syllabus for Mains Exam

Paper SyllabusMarksDuration
Essay Essay on any topic2503 hours
General studies 1 Indian Heritage, Culture,
2503 hours
General studies 2 Constitution, Governance,
Social Justice
2503 hours
General studies 3 Technology, Environment,
Disaster Management
2503 hours
General studies 4 Ethics, Integrity,
and Aptitude
2503 hours
Optional subject 1 Any2503 hours
Optional subject 2 Any2503 hours
Paper 1 Indian Language
(Anyone of the language)
3003 hours
Paper 2 English language3003 hours

1. Essay

To write an essay on any one topic. You can choose the option of your choice from the given options.

2. General Studies 1 : Indian Heritage and Culture

  • Indian Culture
  • Modern Indian History
  • History of the world
  • Society
  • Geography
  • Events, Forms, and Effects on Society

3. General Studies 2: Indian Constitution and Indian Politics

  • The Constitution Of India
  • Amendment Procedure
  • The Political System
  • Central Government And Administration
  • The Electoral Process
  • Administrative Law
  • Central And State Government Privileges
  • Public Services
  • Social Welfare And Social Legislation
  • Control over Public Expenditure

4. General Studies 3: Science And Technology

  • Energy
  • Computer and Information Technology
  • Biotechnology
  • Disaster Management
  • Nuclear Policy Of India
  • Space Technology
  • Environment
  • Security
  • Agriculture
  • Economy

5. General Studies 4: Ethics And Human Interface

  • Ethics and Human Interface
  • Aptitude
  • Attitude
  • Integrity
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Public Service Values And Ethics in Public Administration
  • Probity in Governance

6. Optional Subjects

There are 2 Papers of Optional Subjects. The candidate is supposed to choose any 1 optional subject out of 48 total options. The 2 papers are combined and are of a total of 500 marks.

You need to be very careful while choosing your optional subject. You must know which optional subject will work best for you.

7. English & Language Papers

The pattern of both papers is almost the same in nature. The English language is a compulsory language. Whereas, other languages can be chosen from a list of languages.

The pattern of the paper is as follows-

  • Essay – 100 Marks
  • Comprehension – 60 Marks
  • Precis Writing – 60 Marks
  • Translation from English – 20 Marks
  • Translation from Chosen Language – 20 Marks
  • Grammar – 40 Marks

Note: The candidate is free to choose his writing language as English, Hindi, or any other language listed in the Indian Constitution.

3. Interview Process

  • After cracking the Mains Exam you are qualified for the Interview Process.
  • Approximately 400-450 candidates reach this round.
  • When you qualify the interview round you become a Dm.
  • During the review subject knowledge, personal skills, as well as Mental Ability, is tested.
  • In the interview, only academics knowledge is not tested but the personality test is all about how much the candidate is alert and all aware of the events happing around.
  • After cracking the final round of interviews a candidate is qualified to become an IAS officer. And, IAS Officer promotions gives Dm designation.
  • He is given training and then posted according to the requirements.

Syllabus for Interview

  1. During the interview subject knowledge, personal skills, as well as Mental Ability, is tested.
  2. This is basically a question and answers session.
  3. This exam is of 275 marks.
  4. The interview is nothing but a Personality Test.
  5. Even current affairs and General knowledge questions can be asked for an interview.

Books & Study Material

To crack the UPSC examination and become an IPS officer you need to have General Knowledge. For this, you need to keep on reading the newspaper.

Hindu newspaper, Jagran Josh, Economic Times, and Indian Express is something I would suggest to enhance your general knowledge and current affairs. Other lists of books that I would suggest are as follows.

  • Indian Polity For Civil Service Examination -Indian Polity by Laxmikanth
  • Indian Year Book
  • Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
  • Oxford Geography Atlas
  • A Brief History of Modern India
  • Indian Art And Culture
  • Fundamentals of Geography(NCERT)
  • Concise History of Modern India by Sujata Menon
  • Facets of Indian Culture
  • The Constitution of India by P.M Bakshi
  • Indian Economy by Mishra and Puri

How to fill IAS Examination Form

Step 1: First of all, go to the official website of UPSC that is

Step 2: Click on online application for various examinations

Step 3: Now the next step is to go to service civil services examination-Preliminary Exam

Step 4: Start registering with IAS part 1

Step 5: Fill all your personal details

Step 6: The form fee is INR 100/-

Step 7: Choose the examination center as per your convenience

Step 8: Be very particular with your passport size photograph, signature and identity card

Step 9: Accept the declaration by clicking on it

Step 10: Once recheck the details and click on submit button

Step 11: Keep this print out with you for the future reference

The Salary of a District Magistrate in India

Usually, an IAS officer becomes DM after 8 to 10 years. The salary of DM is paid as per the new pay structure. All the IAS officers including DM are paid according to the 7th pay commission. This structure is called pay grades for civil services. The salary structure of all IAS officers has been changed after the 7th pay commission recommendation came into force.

dm salary

Accordingly, the basic salary for the month of an IAS officer including a DM is Rs. 56,100. TA, DA, and HRA are not included in this amount. This basic pay goes on increasing with promotions. The promotions and the salary of a DM are directly related to each other. The more promotions the more is your salary hike. And if you rich a designation of cabinet secretary the salary becomes 2,50,000/-.

Let us have a look at the salary distribution of a DM. The salary of a DM differs according to the years of experience and designation with promotions.

District Magistrate is paid a basic pay with DA, TA, and HRA. The Salary below do not include DA, TA, and HRA-

DA-Dearness Allowance

TA-Travelling Allowance

HRA-House Rent Allowance

 PostNumber of years of serviceState  Secretariat   Central Secretariat  (Basic Pay)
Sub Divisional Magistrate  1-4   Under Secretary  Assistant Secretary  Rs.56,100  
Additional District Magistrate  5-8  Deputy Secretary  Under Secretary  Rs.67,700  
District Magistrate  9-12  Joint Secretary  Deputy Secretary  Rs.78,800  
 District Magistrate  13-16  Special Secretary and Director   Director  Rs.1,18,500  

To talk about other benefits that you get which salary is the Dearness Allowance (DA). The dearness allowance for DM is revised on a half-yearly basis. DA is also affected by the inflation rate. But surely it increases every year.

Final Thoughts

To sum up, this was all about how to become Dm. I hope the information it was worth reading and all your queries got cleared with the relevant information provided in the article.

For any more queries regarding how to become a Dm, you can reply to us with a question in the comment box. We would get back to you with an answer to your query. If you have liked the article do not forget to share it with your friends. Sharing is Caring!!!

Have a look over other career options you can opt for How to Become a Collector.

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