June 24, 2024

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How to Become a Gynecologist in India

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How to become a Gynecologist in India

If you want to know How to become a Gynecologist in India then this article belongs to you only. In this article, you will collect all the required information to be a Gynecologist. Tighten your seat belt to read this article till the end and grab all the information like roles and responsibilities, courses enrolled for, salary, eligibility criteria, and entrance exam to crack for these courses, syllabus, career opportunities, and best college to get admission.

Doctors are the pride of India and are treated as God to save lives and provide proper treatment at the right time.

About a Gynecologist

Gynecology is all about the understanding of the female body. And the ones who study such a course and get expertise in it are called Gynecologist. This is the most required course these days to deal with fertility and pregnancy issues in women’s health. As it is a study of the female body that doesn’t mean that only females can pursue such courses man are also eligible to get enrolled in such studies to be Gynecologist.

  • They diagnose the diseases or any hormone imbalance issues along with any surgery or medical care if required. In three ways a Gynecologist can be skillful. First, the Obstetrics field that deals in pregnancy and delivery of women.
  • The second is Gynecology deals in female health.
  • Third, Reproductive medicines that deal in medicines based on pregnancy and relatable issues.

For a Gynecologist, it is compulsory to be an expert in both medical and surgical studies and practical work on the same.

Roles & Responsibilities of a Gynecologist

The roles and responsibilities of a Gynecologist are mentioned below.

  • He/She needs to have good interactive skills to deal with patients’ problems and patients feel relaxed in sharing all the issues in detail.
  • As Gynecologist their duties are to diagnose the issues, reporting the patient’s conditions, and give any further treatment if required to cure the illness. 
  • The duty of the Gynecologist is to treat the infertility cases, Dysmenorrhoea that is when the menstrual cycle is painful, Hysterectomy, Incontinence of urine Amenorrhoea that is when the menstrual periods is absent, Pregnancy issues, Vaginitis that is vagina infection, and other relatable issues.
  • He/She can provide tips to keep the health in better conditions.
  • As a Gynecologist, you need to keep eye on patients after surgery and keep track of their improvement on a daily basis.

Courses to Become a Gynecologist

Courses Duration Fees
PG Diploma in Gynecologist 2 years Rs. 50,000 – Rs10 lakhs
MD in Gynecologist 3 years Rs. 10,000 – 5 lakhs
MS in Gynecologist 3 years Rs. 3k – 5 lakhs

Specialization in Field

Gynecology for Female Health Issues

A Gynecology deals in the issue like pregnancy, fertility issues, childbirth, hormone disorder, and sexually transmitted infections and obstetrics.

Reproductive Endocrinologists

This field deals with infertility and infertility cases. The field deals in the treatment of fertility like in-vitro-fertilization (IVF). The specialization in this field looks into PCOS and other abnormalities, especially in Uterus.


Specialization in this helps the women to take prepartum and postpartum care at the birth of childbirth.

Gynecologic Oncologist

In Gynecologic Oncologist, the physician is an expert in the diagnosis of cancerous tissues in the reproductive organs of the female. They take care of the surgery, therapy, and prescribing medicines as per the need of the patients.      

Process to Become a Gynecologist

Here are the steps mentioned to follow to be a Gynecologist in India.

Step – 1

If you want to be a specialist in any field then choose biology as a subject in higher secondary or in 12th standard.

Step – 2

Prepare for the NEET UG entrance exam to get admission in such courses. For this, you need to beat the cut-off mark and proceed with the selection process of the colleges based on your ranking.

Step – 3

Complete your under graduation program along with the internship.

Step – 4

Later in the field, you can appear for the NEET PG entrance exam and wait for the counseling process to get to the desired college.


After the completion of the courses, you can practice under an experienced Gynecologist, and later you can practice as a Gynecologist of your own in a private clinic or government hospital.

How to become a Gynecologist in India

How to become a Gynecologist in India

Eligibility Criteria

After the 12th you can easily start preparing for Gynecologist with biology as a compulsory subject.

Age Limit

There is no age limit to pursue gynecologist courses in India. 

Educational Qualification

To be a Gynecologist you need to have an MBBS degree from an authorized medical university. To pursue a master’s degree like MD/MS you have to qualify for an entrance exam to get enrolled in such courses.

Entrance Exam

The entrance exam as per the courses is mentioned below.

PG Diploma in Gynecologist

Entrance exams conducted for PG Diploma are listed below.


MD in Gynecologist

Some of the entrance exams are mentioned here are conducted by some of the institutions is mentioned below.


MS in Gynecologist

The entrance exam for MS in Gynecologist is the same as that of MD in Gynecologist based on some institutions that conduct such exams.


The syllabus is based semester-wise and is mentioned below accordingly.

Semester Syllabus
Semester 1-2 Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, and pre-clinical subjects.
Semester 3-5 Community medicine, pharmacology, clinical postings inward, OPDs, Forensic medicine, pathology, and para-clinical and clinical subjects.
Semester 6-9 Community medicine, pediatrics, medicines, and allied subjects, obstetrics, psychiatric dermatology, gynecology.

Internship Program

An internship is a must while pursuing the respective degree to be more expert in the field. In the case of MBBS, you need to do one year of internship and in the case of MS/MD, you have to do three years of internship after the completion of the Master’s.

The internship is meant to do the practical work under an expert doctor to guide them for great learning. This helps the students to get more experience, confidence in the work. You should go for senior- residencies at medical colleges or hospitals to gain specialization experience in surgery, diagnosis, and many more.

Books & Study Material

Books and study material to go through to crack the exam are mentioned below.

  • A book by David Mckay Hart, Jane Norman name Gynaecology Illustrated 
  • A book by Sudha Salhan name Textbook of Gynecology 
  • A book by Neville F. Hacker, Joseph C. Gambone, Calvin J. Hobel name Hacker & Moore’s Essentials of Obstetrics and Gynecology 
  • A book by Annamma Jacob name A Comprehensive Textbook of Midwifery & Gynecological Nursing
  • A book by Anupama Tamrakar same advances in Gynaecological Surgery and Textbook of Gynecology for Nurses 
  • A book by Rosenwaks Zevn name Gynecology: Principles and Practices
  • A book by Peter W. Callen MD name Ultrasonography in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Also, Read

Career Scope/ Employment Opportunities

Private Institutions

You can run your own private clinics to diagnose the patients and provide treatment accordingly as per the requirement.

Government Institutions

You can get a job in government hospitals and diagnose the patients when required.


After completion of the degree, you can opt for the teaching profession to guide students for a bright future.


The salary is the important part to consider when you choose any profession. In the case of gynecologists, the salary is mentioned below as per the courses.

Courses Salary in INR
PG Diploma in Gynecologist 6lakhs- 20 lakhs per annum
MD in Gynecologist 1.8lakhs-2.4 lakhs per annum
MS in Gynecologist 1.9lakhs-2.5 lakhs per annum

Top Medical Colleges for the course in India

Some of the best medical colleges in India to get admission are listed below.

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • Puducherry Kasturba Medical College, Puducherry
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Manipal University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, Delhi
  • King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
  • Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Delhi
  • Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi


To conclude, this was all about How to Become a Gynecologist in India. Hope now process to become a Gynecologist is easy with this step-by-step guide. Yet any more queries related to the course or any other career option then you can directly get in touch by commenting in the comment box.

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