July 22, 2024

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How to Become Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)

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how to become deputy commissioner of Police

Are you choosing How to become Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)? Trust me this is the best article to explore and gain all the ideas and information regarding the DCP post. The Post of a DCP is highly respectable and is of great fame once you crack the entrance exam and get the respected post after few promotions. 

In this article, you will get to know the roles and responsibilities, eligibility criteria, academic qualification and physical fitness criteria for men and women, salary, allowances and perks, and the number of attempts for different category aspirants. 

You can be an inspiration for many once you reach the desired post of a DCP and guide others to achieve their goal. You can even motivate them by leading an example of yourself and the hard work and efforts you put to grab this post. 

Being a DCP you need to be disciplined and honest towards your duties and responsibilities. The post of a Police Officer is more in passion among the youth because of its honor and power they get as an individual.

About Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)

A Deputy Commissioner of Police is an executive head of the district and is also known as a legal representative of the government. They have the power to control some of the Government branches like Zila Parishad’s, MLA’s, MP’s, Panchayats Samities, and urban and rural bodies. They act as a guardian to the abiding citizens of the assigned district regarding all the safety measures and legal provisions to live in the societies peacefully.

A DCP is a Senior IPS officer. After promotions, IPS gets the post of DCP or SP. To be a DCP you need to crack exam that is held for such posts like state- level exams. Once the state-level exams are cracked to be police officers with promotions and hard work you will reach the post of a DCP. 

The contribution and efforts matter a lot at the time of the promotions of IPS officers. They need to be focused, hardworking, disciplined, and punctual towards their duties. 

To be a DCP, one needs to study for 10-12 hours a day on regular basis and read newspapers like The Hindu and required magazines like Yojna, Pratiyogita Derpan, SC & Tech to get all the information and knowledge to prepare in the best way.  

Full-Form of DCP

The Deputy Commissioner of Police is shortened as DCP. DCP is the government servants who look into the matter of a district and take decisions as per the situation. 

Role & Responsibilities of DCP

As a DCP you need to take such roles and responsibilities as mentioned below. 

  • He/She looks into the matter of implementation or enforcing laws and others in the assigned district.
  • As a DCP you need to enforce the policies and activities of the central government or state government in the district.
  • He/She has the power to monitor and appoint Patwaris.
  • As a DCP you have the power to inspect and monitor the work done by other officers.
  • He/She can act as an appellate authority in terms of revenue.
  • He/She is responsible for peace and a good work atmosphere in the district.
  • In case of any natural calamities like flood, fire He/She can take immediate steps to handle the situation to look into the need of the public.
  • He/She needs to look into the welfare of the citizen.

How to Become Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)

How to Become Deputy Commissioner of Police

Eligibility Criteria

The candidate must have passed the 12th standard from any authorized university.


The aspirants need to be a citizen of India. In case, the candidate is not from India but comes under the subject of Bhutan and Nepal can appear for this exam. 

Age Limit

The age limit to be a DCP is from 21-32 years with some relaxation to other categories. Relaxation limits are mentioned below.

Category Relaxation
SC/ST 5 years
OBC 3 years
Candidates from the Jammu and Kashmir State  5 years
Ex-Servicemen including ECOs or SSCOs and Commissioned officers who turned to a military officers within five years 5 years
For ECOs or SSCOs who completed the initial time of assignment of military service within five years 5 years
For Defence Services Personnel 5 years
For disorder candidates like blind, handicapped, or deaf  10 years

Educational Qualification

The candidate must have completed bachelors or graduation degree from any stream of an authorized university. He/She should have scored 50% of the aggregate marks in Higher Secondary exams. 

The aspirant with a master’s degree is also eligible to appear in such exams.

Required Skills

  • The candidate should have good communication skills and decision-making capability. 
  • He/She needs to be smart and have the presence of mind to deal with any circumstances. 
  • The officer needs to be confident and determined towards their assigned task and job role.
  • He/She needs to be honest and loyal for their duties.

Number of Attempts 

Category Number of Attempts
General Category 6
Other Backward Classes 9
Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe Unlimited
Physically Handicapped  9
SC/ST with any disorder Unlimited

Physical Criteria

For Men

Category Height
 Men 165 cm
Relaxation for Men 160 cm for candidates from Schedule Tribe and races like Assamese, Kumaoni’s, Nagaland, Garhwalias, and many more.

For Women

Category Height
 Women 150 cm
Relaxation for Women 145 cm for candidates from Schedule Tribe and races like Assamese, Kumaoni’s, Nagaland, Garhwalias, and many more.

Chest Requirements

Category Chest Requirements
For Men 84 cm
For Women 79 cm

Eyesight Requirements

The insight to get selected to be a DCP

Good Eye Worst eye
The eyesight for Good Eye needs to be 6/6 or 6/9. The eyesight for the worst Eye needs to be 6/12 or 6/9.

Entrance Exam & Syllabus

What is UPSC

To become a Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) you need to crack the UPSC- Civil Service Exam(CSE). UPSC is the central agency of India that conducts the CSE exam for qualifying a Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) or IPS officer.

UPSC is the All India Service Examination. After qualifying all 3 rounds of UPSC. The main aim of Government officials is to serve the people of the country.

UPSC Exam Details

UPSC Examination is conducted in three stages namely- Preliminary Exam( CSAT Test) comprising of two papers which are objective type, Mains Exam which includes 9 papers which are subjective type. After qualifying the two phases you are eligible for the Interview Process.


Eligibility Criteria

Age Limit

The minimum age to appear for UPSC- Civil Service Exam is at least 21 years. The age limit to become an IAS officer for the general category is 32 years for OBC is 35 years and SC/ST is 37 years respectively.

Educational Qualification

The basic qualification to appear for the UPSC exam is graduation in any of the fields.

UPSC Exam Pattern with Syllabus

Now it is time to move towards the exam pattern and syllabus of UPSC. The exam is conducted in 3 stages.

The process for the IAS exam conducted by UPSC is as follows.

  • Preliminary exam
  • Mains exam
  • Interview process

Let us understand all the 3 exams more in detail.

1. Preliminary exam

The preliminary exam has 2 papers that are conducted. Each paper has 200 marks a total of 400 marks. The question paper is in two languages namely English and Hindi. The duration of the paper is 2 hours each paper. This examination carries a negative marking of the one-third penalty. That is for each wrong answer there is a negative marking of 0.33 marks. This paper has objective-type questions which comprise multiple-choice questions.

Paper Type Number of
Marks Negative
Paper 1 Objective 100 200 0.33 2 hours
Paper 2 Objective 80 200 0.33 2 hours

Syllabus for the Preliminary Exam

Paper 1 Indian History
General Science
Indian Politics
Current Events
General Issues
Indian Geography
World Geography
Social Development
Economic Development
Paper 2 Communicational Skills
Intrapersonal Skills
English Skills
English Comprehension
Language skill that is chosen by the candidate
Decision-making skills
Problem-solving ability
Mental Ability
Basic Numeracy


Paper 1 – Current affairs, Indian History and Politics

In this examination, you need to have very good general knowledge and good general studies of current events going on at the National and international levels. You need to read newspapers to gain general knowledge.

It includes the following subjects.

  • Indian history
  • General Science
  • Indian Politics
  • General Issues
  • Indian Geography
  • World Geography
  • Social Development
  • Economic Development
  • Polity And Governance
  • Environmental Ecology
  • Current Events

Paper 2 – Civil Service Aptitude Test(CSAT)

This paper comprises competencies related to comprehension, interpersonal, and communication skills.

Hereby, it also comprises the following subjects.

  • Analytical ability
  • Logical reasoning
  • General Mental ability
  • Questions related to decision making
  • Problem-solving
  • English
  • Language Skill
  • English comprehension
  • Interpersonal Skills including communications skills
  • Analytical Ability
  • Basic Numeracy

Step 2. Mains exam

After qualifying for the preliminary exam the candidates are eligible for the second round that is the mains exam. Generally, Mains Exams are conducted in the month of January. After the mains exam, the candidate will be liable for the process of the interview. Mains Exam has the descriptive type of questions.

Syllabus for Mains Exam

The total marks for this examination are 1750 marks. Though the Mains exam consists of 9 papers, out of these 9 papers, only 7 papers will be taken for the merit ranking. For the remaining two papers the candidate should obtain the minimum marks as set by UPSC. This exam includes a total of 9 papers namely as listed below.

Paper Syllabus Marks Duration
Essay Essay on any topic 250 3 hours
General studies 1 Indian Heritage, Culture,
250 3 hours
General studies 2 Constitution, Governance,
Social Justice
250 3 hours
General studies 3 Technology, Environment,
Disaster Management
250 3 hours
General studies 4 Ethics, Integrity,
and Aptitude
250 3 hours
Optional subject 1 Any 250 3 hours
Optional subject 2 Any 250 3 hours
Paper 1 Indian Language
(Anyone of the language)
300 3 hours
Paper 2 English language 300 3 hours



To write an essay on any one topic. You can choose the option of your choice from the given options.

General Studies 1 – Indian Heritage and Culture

  • Indian Culture
  • Modern Indian History
  • History of the world
  • Society
  • Geography
  • Events, Forms, and Effects on Society

General Studies 2 – Indian Constitution and Indian Politics

  • The Constitution Of India
  • Amendment Procedure
  • The Political System
  • Central Government And Administration
  • The Electoral Process
  • Administrative Law
  • Central And State Government Privileges
  • Public Services
  • Social Welfare And Social Legislation
  • Control over Public Expenditure

General Studies 3 – Science And Technology

  • Energy
  • Computer and Information Technology
  • Biotechnology
  • Disaster Management
  • Nuclear Policy Of India
  • Space Technology
  • Environment
  • Security
  • Agriculture
  • Economy

General Studies 4 – Ethics And Human Interface

  • Ethics and Human Interface
  • Aptitude
  • Attitude
  • Integrity
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Public Service Values And Ethics in Public Administration
  • Probity in Governance

Optional Subjects

There are 2 Papers on Optional Subjects. The candidate is supposed to choose any 1 optional subject out of 48 total options. The 2 papers are combined and are of a total of 500 marks.

You need to be very careful while choosing your optional subject. You must know which optional subject will work best for you.

English And Language Papers

The pattern of both papers is almost the same in nature. The English language is a compulsory language. Whereas, other languages can be chosen from a list of languages.

The pattern of the paper is as follows.

  • Essay – 100 Marks
  • Comprehension – 60 Marks
  • Precis Writing – 60 Marks
  • Translation from English – 20 Marks
  • Translation from Chosen Language – 20 Marks
  • Grammar – 40 Marks

Please Note: The candidate is free to choose his writing language as English, Hindi, or any other language listed in the Indian Constitution.

Step 3. Interview

When you qualify for the interview round you become IPS Officer. During the review subject knowledge, personal skills, as well as Mental Ability, is tested. After cracking the final round of interviews a candidate is qualified to become an IPS officer. He is given training and then posted according to the requirements.

IPS officers first posting instantly after training is a field assignment. In the interview, only academics knowledge is not tested but the personality test is all about how much the candidate is alert and all aware of the events happing around. The marking criteria for the Personal Interview Process are based on mental alertness, logical reasoning ability, clear exposure, proper judgment, and intellectual ability.

The Board judges the candidates on various parameters including mental and social traits. The main purpose of the interview purpose is to judge the candidate’s suitability for the civil service position and capability to take responsibility.

Syllabus for Interview

  1. This is basically a question and answers session
  2. This exam is of 275 marks.
  3. The interview is nothing but a Personality Test.
  4. Even current affairs and General knowledge questions can be asked for an interview.

Books & Study Material

To crack the UPSC examination you need to have General Knowledge. For this, you need to keep on reading the newspaper. Hindu Newspaper, Jagran Josh, Economic Times, and Indian Express are something I would suggest to enhance your general knowledge and current affairs.

Other lists of books that I would suggest are as follows.

  • Indian Polity For Civil Service Examination -Indian Polity by Laxmikanth
  • Indian Year Book
  • Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
  • Oxford Geography Atlas
  • A Brief History of Modern India
  • Indian Art And Culture
  • Fundamentals of Geography(NCERT)
  • Concise History of Modern India by Sujata Menon
  • Facets of Indian Culture
  • The Constitution of India by P.M Bakshi
  • Indian Economy by Mishra and Puri

Salary of DCP

The salary of a DCP depends upon the experience and work profile which may differ from Rs. 16, 00, 000/- Per Annum to Rs. 40, 00, 000/- Per Annum.

Allowances & Benefits

A list of the allowances received by the Deputy Commissioner of Police is mentioned below.

  • Training Allowances
  • Ration Money
  • Commando Allowances
  • Uniform Allowance
  • Conveyance Allowance
  • Gratuity
  • Pension
  • Provident Fund
  • Transport Allowances
  • Metropolitan Allowance
  • Medical facilities
  • Kit Maintenance Allowance


To conclude, this was all about How to Become Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP). I tried my best way to explain to you all about DCP. Yet if you feel any doubts or queries ask me by commenting in the comment box. I will get back to you with an answer.

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6 thoughts on “How to Become Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)

    1. Hi Anand! Hope you are doing good. To become a DSP you need to crack State Level Civil Exam conducted by State Public Service Commission. To read more details about DSP you can read my article How to become DSP in India. I hope you will get all the answers of your quries here. For any more queries get back to me. Thank you.

    1. Hi Huma. Hope you are well. Yes, 150cms height is compulsory for women. Physical fitness is a must and one of the eligibility criteria. If you cannot fulfill any of them you are not eligible. Thank you!

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